Day Trip to Luxembourg City – The Capital City of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

A downtown perched on the sheer cliffs sloping into the deep ravines carved by the meandering Alzette and Pétrusse rivers. Or the natural fortifications of the city soaring high above the valleys and its impregnability winning it the historical epithet of the “Gibraltar of the North”. ‘Luxembourg City’ the capital city of the small country of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is sure to enchant you with its charm.

Luxembourg City Train Station

We visited Luxembourg on a day trip from Paris one can also visit from Brussels. A two-hour train journey drove us through a beautiful landscape of rolling verdant hills and deep scenic valleys. The train station with its imposing clock tower built in Moselle Baroque Revival on a prominent thoroughfare lined by several public buildings infuses one with the architectural splendor of the city awaiting further ahead.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

A pedestrian footpath led us to the 100 years old double arched Adolph bridge connecting to the Haute Ville (Medieval city center). The magnificent bridge rises 42 meters high from the Petrusse valley with incredible views over the valley.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Petrusse Valley

The Petrusse River carved its path into the rock creating a large gorge that acted as natural fortifications up to 50 meters penetrating high into the sky. The ample green scape spread across the valley surrounded by peculiar rock formations and ruins of fortifications amidst the tranquil aura is great to saunter or relax. The valley is dotted with many old buildings with a backdrop of towering skyscrapers a terrific amalgam of old and the new. There is a 14th century St. Quiren’s Chapel built into the rock which is one of the oldest Christian sanctuaries. There is also a golf course and a tiny steam train in the park.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Notre-Dame Cathedral

Around 10 minutes walk from the bridge is the Notre-Dame Cathedral. The 17th-century gothic architecture cathedral with traces of Renaissance and Baroque elements has three imposing towers dominating the city skyline. The exquisitely carved statues and artwork of the entrance portal, the gorgeous interior flanked by white columns supporting the vaulted ceilings and remarkable stained-glass windows are sure to leave you in awe.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Monument of Remembrance

Across the street is the striking Monument of Remembrance or Gelle Fra in Place de la Constitution. The gilded bronze figure of a woman holding a laurel stands on the focal of a 21-meter-high granite obelisk. It represents Nike, the goddess of victory and commemorates all those who sacrificed their lives in World War II.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

William Square

We walked through the throng of tourists in the outdoor cafes and restaurants, souvenir shops along the street to the tourist office to collect the city route map. The tourist office is in William Square or Place Guillaume II. The square is dominated by an equestrian statue of William II who gave the country its first parliamentary constitution.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Town Hall

Another prominent building in the square is the 19th century neo-classical Town Hall. The building entrance is flanked by two majestic bronze statues of Lions. The Town hall is the private office of the city’s mayor.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Grand Ducal Palace

Just across the street of the square is the 16th century Grand Ducal Palace built in the Flemish Renaissance. It is the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg where he performs most of his duties as head of state of the Grand Duchy. The opulent interior and sumptuously decorated ceilings and walls are open to public during summer with a 45 min guided tour. The tours provide an insight into the various aspects of the administrative workings and the staterooms. It also houses the Luxembourg Parliament in the left wing.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Chocolate House

On the street opposite to the palace is the Chocolate house. The Chocolate House is must visit for it offers a wide assortment of homemade hot chocolate to select from more than 30 different types.

On the way to the Bock is the 14th century Eglise St. Michel. The Eglise St. Michel church stands on the site of the castle chapel built in 987.

Le Chemin de La Corniche

The promenade along the old ramparts of the city overlooking the valley peppered with old quarters along the winding Alzette River is no less than a fantasyland. Le Chemin de La Corniche is called as Europe’s Most Beautiful Balcony. The well preserved old quarters are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and exemplify the city’s rich cultural heritage.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Bock Casemates

In 963 Count Siegfried built a castle atop sheer cliffs to protect his property. Over the centuries the castle on the Bock was expanded and protected with heavy defenses.

A network of 23 km of underground galleries and passages were built in the 18th century of which only 17 km remain today. The casemates or Bock Casemates could act as a refuge for 35,000 people at a time during the wars and bombings and could house munitions, kitchens, bakeries and slaughter-houses.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Statue of Grand Duchess Charlotte

On our way back to the station in the square Place Clairefontaine behind the Notre dam was the statue of Grand Duchess Charlotte. During her reign, Grand Duchess Charlotte contributed towards improving the living standards of Luxembourg. She worked on rebuilding the country after World War II and helped boost the tourism.

Day Trip to Luxembourg City

Luxembourg City today has emerged has one of the influential capital city but its history and culture remain intact amidst all the modernisation.

Have you been to Luxembourg City? Which was your favorite part of sightseeing? Do share with us in comments.

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28 Comment

  1. I have not been to this city or to this country for that part but, I do plan to go now. We are beginning a new 18 month swing through Europe and N. Africa beginning this month or in December. We have an option for a photo shoot in Thailand and may take that before the trip to Europe. The city was immaculate and I can see why you liked it so much. Thanks for another great post with useful information.

    1. GOBeyondBounds says: Reply

      Thank you Jhon .. Have a great trip ahead 🙂

  2. bianca says: Reply

    Your pictures look so great. I will definitely add this to my bucket list. I want to go to that Chocolate house there. I hope to see more pictures from your trip! 🙂

    1. GOBeyondBounds says: Reply

      Thank you Bianca ..

  3. I love that everything is just a walking distance from the station and very near to each other. I love pedestrian-friendly cities and I think it’s the case for most of Europe. Do you think it’s enough to have only a day tour there? Or would you have stayed longer if you had the time?

    1. GOBeyondBounds says: Reply

      Yes Noemi we would .. It’s a perfect weekend destination ..

  4. I have been near this city several times over the years but have not had a chance to stop. It looks like I’m really missing out! What a lovely spot. It is not high on the list of places I want to see! That tiny red train looks like fun for the kiddos, too!

    1. GOBeyondBounds says: Reply

      You should plan a visit to this City .. We are sure you will like it 🙂

  5. Sometimes I wish I lived in Europe. It sounds so glamorous to be able to say you just popped into Luxembourg for a day trip. It looks like stylish and charming place with wonderful historic buildings. Beautiful!

    1. GOBeyondBounds says: Reply

      Yes Christina .. We spent 18 months in Europe and it is really a great place to live.

  6. Diana says: Reply

    This seems like the perfect guide to Luxeumbroug City for a first timer. I especially like your photo of Le Chemin de La Corniche – what a beautiful view of the city. I would really like to walk through the underground galleries, though it may feel a little eerie. Hope I get to visit Luxembourg City one day 🙂

    1. GOBeyondBounds says: Reply

      Thank you Diana ..

  7. I have always been curious about Luxembourg! I didn’t know it was so easy to get there from Paris. I definitely should achieve that soon! Loved the pictures!

    1. GOBeyondBounds says: Reply

      Thanks Brenda ..

  8. Until reading this Luxemburg was not even on my radar. I have been to Paris twice and had no clue it was possible to do in a day trip. Will definitely be on my list when I next make it to Europe!

    1. GOBeyondBounds says: Reply

      Yes Allison its worth a visit 🙂

  9. Luxembourg looks like a mix between Paris and Brussels actually. i have a few friends from their but they never told me how beautiful it is. it looks like it can be done in 2-3 days so a perfect weekend trip for me. Awesome!

    1. GOBeyondBounds says: Reply

      Yes .. Its perfect for a weekend trip 🙂

  10. Erica says: Reply

    Luxembourg looks like a perfect place for travelers esp for those who love 17th-century architecture.

  11. I haven’t been to Luxembourg yet – but its great to know everything is in walking distance from the station. It’s great when everything is that close and makes it a great destination for a weekend break! – or as an added extra day from a weekend in Paris. What a great way to combine the two cities!

  12. Marge says: Reply

    Out of everything you’d seen in Luxembourg, Bock Casemates is the most interesting for me. It kinda reminds me of the Cu Chi Tunnel in Vietnam. I’m not claustrophobic so I’m definitely going there when I get the chance.

  13. neha says: Reply

    Although I am planning a trip to Europe soon, Luxembourg is not on our list right now. After going through your post,I feel like altering my plans to include this beautiful city as well. But that’s difficult. I will have to wait for a second trip

  14. We drove down to the city for a few hours from Paris on our way to Strasbourg. And it was worth the detour! Your pics have bought back good memories. Isn’t it wonderful that they have preserved old with new so well?

  15. Luxembourg sounds like an amazing city especially walking in those long tunnels seems to be a sort of adventure..

  16. Gel says: Reply

    All of what you’ve said sounds interesting but what actually caught my eye was The Chocolate House. I should check those homemade ones once I get to visit the place.

  17. JM says: Reply

    I love to see all of those sites you mentioned here but the Notre Dame Cathedral really interests me a lot. I will surely want to add this city in my future Europe trip.

  18. When I read “We visited Luxembourg on a day trip from Paris one can also visit from Brussels. A two-hour train journey” I only wish I’m in Europe. Where countries can be traveled by train. Wow! I super love this place. Everything looks perfectly design. The view of Le chemin de la corniche. Is surreal. Its feel like you can only see it in movies. So majestic!

  19. I believe a visit to this continent would never be complete without visiting to one of Europe’s most scenic capitals – Luxembourg.

    Notre Dame cathedral has a feeling of space and openness providing a haven from the hustle and bustle outside the city. A brief history on the wall as you enter tells you about both the Cathedral and the development of Luxembourg .

    Le Chemin de la Corniche is my favorite.Wonderful views over the Alzette valley with its historic buildings, winding roads and greenery.

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